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Toolbox Library, primary resources thematically organized with notes and discussion questionsOnline Seminars, professional development seminars for history and literature teachersThe Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Topic: MemoryTopic: ProgressTopic: PeopleTopic: PowerTopic: Empire
Topic: Power: Taming the Octopus
Toolbox Overview: The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Resource Menu: Power
Text 1. Images of the Octopus, five cartoons
Text 2. Standard Oil
Text 3. The Octopus in the West
Text 4. The Populist Party Platform [Omaha Platform]
Text 5. The Pullman Strike
Text 6. Jack London, South of the Slot
Text 7. The Boss and the Reformer
Text 8. Images of Big City Politics
Text 9. Social Policy: Social Darwinism vs. the Social Gospel
Text 10. Theodore Roosevelt, The New Nationalism
Text 11. African American Strategies
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Text 12. Women and Power

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11.   African American Strategies
- Mary Church Terrell, "The Progress of Colored Women," address, 1898, excerpts
- Booker T. Washington, Letter to the Birmingham [Ala.] Age-Herald, 24 Nov. 1902 (PDF)
- W. E. B. Du Bois, Letter to Oswald Garrison Villard, 24 March 1905 (PDF)
- The Niagara Movement, Declaration of Principles, 1905

Mary Church Terrell
Booker T. Washington
W. E. B. DuBois

Length: 13 pages

Online Sources Mary Church Terrell: African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection, 1818-1907. American Memory, Library of Congress

Letters of Washington and Du Bois: National Humanities Center

Declaration of Principles: The Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition; Yale Center for International and Area Studies


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Toolbox: The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Memory | Progress | People | Power | Empire

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Revised: May 2005