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Toolbox Library, primary resources thematically organized with notes and discussion questionsOnline Seminars, professional development seminars for history and literature teachersThe Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Topic: MemoryTopic: ProgressTopic: PeopleTopic: PowerTopic: Empire
Topic: People: Assimilation and the Crucible of the City
Toolbox Overview: The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Resource Menu: People
Text 1. The American Metropolis
Text 2. Coney Island
Text 3. Horatio Alger, Jr., Ragged Dick
Text 4. Lewis W. Hine photographs
Text 5. Jacob Riis, How the Other Lives
Text 6. Anzia Yezierska, Russians
Text 7. Two Wives
•  Reading Guide
» Link

Text 8. Lee Chew, The Biography of a Chinaman
Text 9. Exclusion
Text 10. Zitkala-Sa, Native Americans

RESOURCE MENU Reading Guide » Link

Link Page
7.  Two Wives
- Abraham Cahan, Yekl: A Tale of the New York Ghetto, 1896, Chs. 3-4 (print pp. 21-31 in PDF )
- Charles W. Chesnutt, "The Wife of His Youth," short story, 1900 (PDF)

Jewish woman, New York, 1908
New York, 1908
African American woman, Georgia, ca. 1900
Georgia, ca. 1900

Yekl: 11 pages. Print pages 21-31 in this pdf file.

"Wife": 10 pages.

Length: 21 pages total

Online Sources Yekl: online Eldritch Press, via

"Wife": National Humanities Center


Abraham Cahan, overview from Houghton Mifflin

Yekl, full text, from

Charles Chesnutt, biography and resources from The Library of America

Chesnutt, The Wife of His Youth, And Other Stories of the Color Line, short story collection, from Documenting the American South

Identity: Part II of The Making of African American Identity: 1865-1917, a toolbox from the National Humanities Center.

The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912: General Web Resources

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Toolbox: The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Memory | Progress | People | Power | Empire

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Revised: May 2005