Toolbox: The Making of African American Identity: Volume II, 1865-1917

Online Resources

DIGITAL SCHOMBURG, The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
Images of African Americans from the 19th Century

African American Women Writers of the Nineteenth Century

Harlem: An African American Community, 1900-1940

The African Presence in the Americas, 1492-1992

African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship
Part V. Reconstruction (Forever Free, Black Exodus, Fruits of Reconstruction, The Role of the Black Church)
Part VI. The Booker T. Washington Era (African American Soldiers; Education, Economic and Social Progress; Lynching Crusade; Organizing for Civil Rights)

African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection, 1818-1907

From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909

The African-American Experience in Ohio: Selections from the Ohio Historical Society

The Progress of a People: 1898 Meeting of the National Afro-American Council, 1898 — Three Sessions: Segregation and Violence, Solving the Race Problem, Contributions to the Nation

African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920: Selected from the Collections of Brown University

The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History & Culture

America's Reconstruction: People and Politics after the Civil War, from Digital History, University of Houston
Part 2. The Meaning of Freedom: Black and White Responses to the End of Slavery
Part 3. From Slave Labor to Free Labor (sharecropping)
Part 4. Rights and Power: The Politics of Reconstruction

Race and Culture: Reconstruction through the Progressive Era, 1865-1910 (e-journal), from Howard University

History Matters, from George Mason University and the City University of New York
Search page to access African American primary texts and resources

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1775-2000, from SUNY-Binghamton
Women and the Freedmen's Aid Movements, 1863-1891

African-American Women in the Women's Christian Temperance Union, 1880-1900 A Multi-Racial Movement in the Baltimore YWCA, 1883-1926

Southern Women and Antilynching, 1890-1942

African-American Women and the Chicago World's Fair, 1893

The Early Years of the National Association of Colored Women, 1895-1920

Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Woman Suffrage, 1900-1915

Black Women in the NAACP Promote an Anti-Lynching Bill, 1918-1923

National Woman's Party and the Enfranchisement of Black Women, 1919-1924

Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Abolition, from the Yale Center for International and Area Studies (47 documents from 1865 to 1917)

African American E-Texts in the University of Virginia Electronic Text Center

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War

The Jubilee Singers

The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow

Marcus Garvey: Look for Me in the Whirlwind

Soldiers without Stones: The Black Press

African American World: Your Guide to African American Art and Culture

Toward Racial Equality: Harper's Weekly Reports on Black America, 1857-1874, from
Part 4. Reconstruction
Part 5. Culture and Society

To Conserve a Legacy: American Art from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, from

African American History through the Arts, by students at Coral Gables Senior High School, Coral Gables, Florida (1999)
     Images since Reconstruction

Toolbox Library: Primary Resources in U.S. History and Literature
National Humanities Center
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Revised: February 2004